The Case of Catalan Independence.
With Eurozone Crisis in the air and rocky condition of European Integration process, one could easily forget that sometimes there are not only entire countries willing to join or separate themselves from the EU, but also regions wanting to separate itself from the actual countries, which might pose an even bigger problem in modern times and cause concerns for the ruling. Turns out that before the EU legislators may think about expanding the Community, there are internal problems that need to be tackled.
Such a case is Catalonia, often mistakenly taken as a part of Spain. It has shared one monarch under one crown since the 15th century, time that saw the union of Crown of Castile and Crown of Aragon, giving birth to Spain as we know today. In 1714-the War of Spanish Succession led to decentralization of Spanish rule. Since that year on, that part of the state started to benefit from Catalan traditions and language.
The advocates for separatism started to be pronounced in 19th century, when individuals and political parties were demanding a full independence from Spain. In 1932 Catalonia became an autonomy which survived until the Franco dictatorship and Spanish Civil War. Because of his nationalism all regional cultures saw their decline. Franco’s death in 1975 made Catalan autonomy possible again and until today its nationalists have been advocating for its independence.
It is true to say that Catalonia is quite seperate when compared to the rest of the country. It has its separate culture, language, traditions and history. The majority of its inhabitants ddon’t feel Spanish, display Catalonian flague and experience souerness when forced to pay taxes to the government in Madrid.
Hence, 57% of them voted for Catalonian separation in the recent polling, demanding independence and openly disrespecting the monarchy. It needs to be kept in mind, though, that if Catalonian separation ever sees the daylight, other European minorities might see their nationalisms awaken and seek independence.