Martin Luther King Jr.
The most important, influencial and famous African-American leader of his century, Martin Luther King Jr., was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. His conservative father and doting mother had a big impact on King’s upbringing as well as further career. Soon in high school his strong leader position and political aspirations began to be visible and take shape. He graduated at 15 and soon started college, where he involved himself with engagement in social activism, especially one defending the rights of African-American students.
His first important part came after the boycott of Rosa Parks. He was selected to lead the bus boycott, which turned out to be a nation-wide effort. A highly successful one. Methods used by him and his followers, mainly in the Civil Rights Movement that he led, were non-violent, as inspired by Ghandi. His efforts inspired a rising number of organizations fighting for civil rights and equal voting rights. For all the efforts, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Meeting with a huge amount of critique and opposition, he was assassinated in April 1968, on a balcony of his hotel room. He remained one of the most influential figures of the 20th century and played a vital role in ending racial segregation in the USA. His famous ‘I have a dream’ speech became the subject of plays and movies, posing as a world-wide inspiration for those fighting for equality.