Martin Luther King was born on January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, in a deeply religious family of Baptists pastors, which had a big influence on his later life. Mainly because he considered racial segregation an act against God’s will.
Being a popular and adventurous teenager at college, King soon changed his manners and became involved in social activism. One of his first missions was leading the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which successfully led to lifting the ban segregating public transport users.
His further actions led to the passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. That authorized the government to stop segregation in public facilities. His way of working was more of non violent activism than brutal actions. That was something he adapted from Ghandi and stick to his entire life, up to assassination in April 1968.
Among his awards, he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is considered as one of the leading figures who facilitated the end of racial segregation in the USA.
His methods are widely criticized as passive and ineffective, although the voices of criticism are hardly audible in the abundance of his heritage.